Air source heat pumps comprise a significant amount of total heat pump demand, largely due to the easier installation requirements and lower initial costs than geothermal heat pumps.
Air source heat pumps also compete more directly with other HVAC equipment and are viewed as a viable heating and cooling option in most buildings. In many instances air source heat pumps are a lower cost option than a separately purchased unitary air conditioner and warm air furnace.
These and other trends are presented in Heat Pump Market in the US, a new study from The Freedonia Group, a Cleveland-based industry research firm.
It says that among air source heat pump types, air-to-air pumps will continue to account for nearly all product demand due to:
- Air-to-air heat pumps are well suited for installation in most buildings in the US, as forced air heating and cooling dominates.
- Air-to-water heat pumps require hydronic systems to transfer heat throughout a building, a type of heating system that historically had not been used in the US.
Demand for heat pumps powered by conventional electricity is projected to increase 2.3% per year to $1.8 billion by 2021, remaining the dominant energy source with 86% of all heat pump sales. Nearly all buildings in the US are connected to the electric grid, making this energy source the most commonly used for cooling equipment. However, growth will lag that for products using electricity generated from solar and wind power, spurred by environmental concerns over utility generated electricity, as well as a rising interest among building owners to generate their own electricity through sustainable means.